This breed descended from the Eastern Graylag, which is why true
Pomeranians have pinkish red beak, legs and feet. The Pomeranian is believed to
have developed in the Pomorze region between the Rivers Odes and Vistula. It is
an ancient breed that has stood the intrusion of foreign and modern breeds into
its home turf and contributed to the development of numerous breeds and
varieties, and proven itself competitive where ever tried. Today it is the
dominant breed in Northern Germany, Poland, Slovokia and the Czech Republic. It
is very popular in the rest of Germany and Austria and seems to be gaining
elsewhere. More than thirty years ago I encountered representatives of the breed
in Switzerland, the Low Countries and Britian, as well as its more typical
range. Despite what Soames and other writers have said, when I was in Germany in
the early 1970's I had the distinct impression it was the dominant working goose
everywhere. Other geese may have been prominent in the southern shows, but the
goose most commonly encountered in the German countryside was the Pomeranian.
Oscar Grow considered the Pomeranian "basically a commercial
breed, as it has always been developed along practical and easily followed
lines." Historically it is also a stylish medium sized breed that has become
increasingly popular as a show bird.
The Pomeranian comes in a variety of colors and patterns.
Historically the Grays were the most popular, but in the later 20th century the
Saddleback (both Buff and Gray) became the more popular type. It has been
suggested that this was a result of their dressing off better than solid gray
birds. Since the White variety was also developed very early but did not show a
similar surge in popularity, it is probable that most of the increased
popularity for the Saddleback is due to an interest in the pattern. The
Pomeranian or its group seems to be the original source of Buff in other breeds,
but in Germany solid Buff geese are called Celler geese. Elsewhere they are
usually called Buff Pomeranian. I have also seen Blue in Pomeranian flocks that
has proper type and pinkish red extremities. I would think Blue has the
potential to become popular both in the Saddleback and solid patterns. Blue
Pomeranians may contain some Steinbacher genetics (another German breed with a
different type and orange extremities). Most of the numerous Pomeranian
varieties seem to have long histories, which is probably a function of the
breed's ancient history. In Germany, and to a lesser extent elsewhere, working
commercial flocks commonly have a variety of patterns and colors.
Pomeranian geese have a long American history dating to early
German settlement. It was probably the 2nd most important North American breed
after the Grays. Less than 40 years ago the Pomeranian was still common in rural
areas that had been settled by Germans.
Country of Origin: North East Germany Also known
as L'oie de Pome'ranie in France/Belgium
Breed Background: A hardy good foraging goose
bred for the colder winters of Germany. Good strong goslings that need
fresh greens from a very early age to thrive ... grass cuttings are
Appearance: Single Lobed / Blue eyed /reddish
beak and legs /Nearly Horizontal carriage.
Available in Europe in Saddleback / Pure White /Solid
Grey. The white is generally believed to be responsible in part for the
Embden Breed .
Size: Gander, 17 pounds pounds ;Goose, 15 pounds
Eggs Average about 30 per season
Broodiness: Incubation: 28 - 34 days/ good mother
Breed Hint ; Very keen to try almost any green
plant ... the more expensive the better .Excellent at shredding /
debarking trees ..Willow is their especial favouri
********If they have brown eyes they could be Grey Backs
or overmarked with grey as when the body is more than 50% dark it will
affect eye colour
This is the only breed of goose that can be sexed by color:
males are all white with blue eyes; females grey with some white on the head and
brown eyes. Beaks and feet should be orange, not pinkish. Day-old male goslings
are yellow or silvery with light bills and the females are greenish grey with
The Pilgrim Goose was developed in Missouri in about 1930 by
Oscar Grow, a well-known waterfowl breeder. The breed was recognized by the
American Poultry Association in 1939.
Pilgrims are fairly docile, quiet birds and good foragers. They
are ideal for a home flock. The geese weigh 13 pounds and large ganders can
reach 16 pounds.
African Geese are one of the heavy breeds recognized by the
APA's Standard. They were first recognized in 1874 and are presently accepted in
Brown (or Gray) and White.
Africans can be differentiated from Chinese by their heavy
bodies and thick necks. Mature birds have a large, forward-projecting knob above
their beaks. The bill and knob are black in the Brown form and orange in the
Africans are the leanest of the heavy breeds and are popular for
this reason, as well as for their stately looks. An adult gander and goose
should weigh in at 20 and 18 pounds, respectively.
Breed History....The African Goose hould be of
about the same size and height as the Embden Goose . According to
Oscar Grow the African Goose appears physically a cross between the
Toulouse Goose , and the Brown Chinese Goose , with some of the size
and dewlap of the Toulouse Goose , and some of the carriage and
'knob' of the Chinese Goose . Also Known as L'oie de Guine'e in
The African Goose is said by some breeders to be a
distinct breed imported from Africa, but the evidence a large
genetic part of the Chinese is undisputable; see Tegetmeir 1873.
They were known as a pure breed in the USA from the 1850's and
although often crossed with the Toulouse as a commercial meat cross
are a definte species descended from the Swan goose (Anser cygnoides)
rasther than the greylag (Anser anser).
||Also Known as L'oie de Guinee or L'oie Africaine in
France ie Guinea Goose
||Country Of Origin;.
||. . China
||Reasonably upright 35 to 40 degrees above the horizontal
rather than the Chinese geese which stand much more upright.
Height 90 cm av
||; ......................white ....
||.............10 / 20. In America, they appear to be more
productive with 20 - 40 eggs in a season
|Breed Defects. .
||. . . .Lack of dewlap;lack of knob; white
patches amongst coloured plumage
very gentle breed that is much quieter than its skinny
cousin. Available in white; brown (grey) and buff.
||Kept as trio or pair .. will go broody and hatch
||11 to 28 pounds
||Some individuals don't get the dewlap until over 18
months old, whilst others might develop one at 6 months. The
dewlap runs down from the bill into the neck. The knob
should be oriented slightly forward. Paunch should not touch
||. .normally too heavy
Tips for improving your flock......based on Dave
Holderread's and Oscar Grow's books (taken from the Australian rare
Select the fastest growing goslings for future breeding.
Always look for massive features (even in their first year they
should have large, coarse heads and thick necks) and carriage 30 to
Head should be large and broad between the eyes
Knob should be as wide as the head
Older females especially when laying will often have low-hung
paunches and show some indication of a keel. But all males and young
females should be keel-less and only a moderately full abdomen.
Selecting for this should maintain the breed's fame as a lean meat
Africans with tails held in line with the back or lower often
indicate physical weakness and infertility.
Avoid young geese of too refined type, otherwise the flock will
eventually revert to the Chinese breed type (small and slender
rather than massive and meaty).
Avoid young geese that have already developed a pronounced
dewlap. Africans do not grow the dewlap as fast as Toulouse and it
will not fully develop until aged about three years.
.............10 / 20
Country Of Origin;.......The
Embden Goose breed is also known as ther Bremen and although a
German name most historical sources place this as a northern
Dutch breed that also migrated throughout Europe to Italy where
it was imported from to cross with our native white breeds. Also
known as L'oie d'Emden in France/Belgium
Kept as pair or flock.... can be over protective of
their 'wives & young' in spring so not a beginners breed. Can
alos be short fused with small dogs
||Gander, 26 pound mature
Goose, 20 pounds mature
Appearance: This variety is larger and taller
than others Bright orange bill with flesh coloured bean ; and legs, blue
eyes and pure white body feathers.
Defects; plumage other than white; Uneven lobes;
Meat Production: The true Embden Goose suffers
like the Aylesbury in that most of the public think all white geese are
Embden's whereas few of them are actually pure bred stock. The height of
this breed will normally be the giveaway as they are considerably taller
than their cross bred cousins.
**Used historically as a meat cross either with the
utility Toulouse ( darker drier meat) or another large framed breed.....
can run to fat so used to be killed off at Michlemas.
The Toulouse Goose is one of the larger goose breeds.
In its exhibition or "dewlap" form, the Toulouse Goose may weight 25
pounds and have its body skimming the ground. The "utility" Toulouse
Goose is smaller and lacks the dewlap being basically a cross bred grey
Heinz with no value other than for the table.
Country of Origin: France . The Toulouse Goose
was bred in southern France (near the city of Toulouse) originally for
pate de Fois Gras now considered a superior meat bird in Europe. The
breeding work to finalize the points and breed true was done in England
with a great number being exported to America and Canada prior to the
1950's . At the moment the Club has been importing a number back from
the USA as the gene pool in Britain has become too narrow making a
number of males virtually infertile.Also known as L'oie Grise des Landes
and L'oie du Toulouse in France/Belgium the name alteration appears to
be area ?
Breed Background: A heavy breed which does well
in confinement since their size restricts foraging and although their
goslings tend to grow slower than other geese. The progeny of a Toulouse
goose crossed with an Emden gander grow rapidly.
.......Average about 35 per season Best known 60+
per Goose.First layers about 10
Country Of Origin;........France
|**As a breed
succeptible to flystrike (maggots) on open cuts or scratches
which are disguised by the open feathering.
Gander, 12 kg / 26 poundsGoose, 9 kg / 20 pounds
Appearance: Grey feathers laced with white, brown
eyes with a long deep body with a prominent breast bone. Better show
birds have a pronounced front as in the picture and double muscled folds
when seen from the front. Better breeding birds often have less front or
their 'equipment' does not reach to mate successfully
Meat Production: The supreme meat cross which
tends to pass on the placid (dumb) temperamernt to the off spring. As a
pure breed it often resembles a large tub of lard with feet .....so
unless a very poor specimen not worth the plucking...... better for the
breeding pen for X breds.
Broodiness: Incubation: 28 - 34 days/ good mother
but clumsy due to size need a large hay covereed tray for the eggs to
prevent cruching as they pip. Otherwise hatch very well under Muscovies
An Indian Peacock displaying.
The Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus, is a
species of bird in the peafowl genus Pavo of the
pheasant family, Phasianidae. The Indian Peafowl is a
resident breeder in India and Sri Lanka.
The species is found in dry semi-desert grasslands, scrub and
deciduous forests. It forages on the ground and nests on the
ground but roosts on top of trees. It eats mainly seeds, but
also some insects, fruits and reptiles.
The male is called a peacock, the female a peahen.
The Indian Peacock has beautiful iridescent blue-green plumage.
The upper tail coverts are enormously elongated and ornate with
an eye at the end of each feather. The female plumage is a
mixture of dull green, grey and iridescent blue, with the
greenish-grey predominating. In the breeding season, females can
be told apart from the lack of the long 'tail' also known as the
train. Peahens can be distinguished from males in the
non-breeding season by the green colour of the neck as opposed
to the blue on the males.
Peafowl are most notable for the male's extravagant tail also
known as a train, a result of sexual selection, which it
displays as part of courtship. This train is in reality not the
tail but the enormously elongated upper tail coverts. The tail
itself is brown and short as in the peahen.
They lay a clutch of 4-8 eggs which take 12 days to hatch.
Parent birds are known to carry their young on their back when
flying to their roosts on top of trees.